Full text:


Author: Andrey P. Bogdanov
Information about the author:

Andrey P. Bogdanov, DSc in History, Leading Research Fellow, Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, st. Dmitry Ulyanov 19, 117036 Moscow, Russia

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 



For citation:

Bogdanov, AP. “‘Chronicle by Choice’ on the Simon Azaryin’s List: a Brief Chronicle in the Literary and Publicist Life of the Middle 17th Century.” Germenevtika drevnerusskoi literatury [Hermeneutics of Old Russian Literature]. Issue 21. Ed.-in-chief O.A. Tufanova. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2022, pp. 7–73. (In Russian) https://doi.org/10.22455/HORL.1607-6192-2022-21-7-73 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22455/HORL.1607-6192-2022-21-7-73
UDC: 821.161.1.0
Keywords: Russian literature, Russian chronicles, 17th century, Chronicle by choice, Simon Azaryin, Arseny Sukhanov, Nikon, The Split of the Russian Church, Aleksey Mikhaylovich’s wars.
Date of publication: 16.12.2022


The article and publication of the text introduces a typical short chronicler — a literary form that became very popular in Russia in the 17th century. The model is the Chronicle by Choice of a lengthy edition in the cell handwritten code of the famous scribe and publicist, cellarer of the Trinity-Sergius Monastery Simon Azaryin. Like many others, this list was continued by original articles on contemporary scribes events, in this case the 1650s–1660s. A thorough codicological study of the entire manuscript and of the Chronicler itself, comparing it with another cell handwritten code of Simon, which was written at the same time, allows very precise dating of the stages of work on the manuscript and to establish, that the chronicle was copied from the protographer, and then continued by the staff of the cellarer. The author shows what passions raged on the pages of the private cell code, and introduces this type of codes. he study helps to understand what thoughts, ideas and concepts were behind the laconic chronicle articles, which were never written “without anger and passion.” The choice of facts, their arrangement and the vivid emotional content of a number of articles made the short chronicler the same publicistic work as the famous author’s works of Azaryin. But the appearance of the objectivity of the chronicle form made such monuments especially convincing. The reader of the text can check this conclusion for himself.



1 Bogdanov, A.P. 1612. Rozhdenie Velikoi Rossii [1612. The birth of Great Russia]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2013. 372 p. (In Russian)

2 Bogdanov, A.P. Idei russkoi publicistiki: mezhdu carstvom i imperiei [Ideas of Russian Journalism: between Kingdom and Empire]. Moscow, Berlin, Direkt-Media Publ., 2018. 482 p. (In Russian)

3 Bogdanov, A.P. “Izvestiia Kariona Istomina o knizhnom chitanii” [“Karion Istomin’s Data on Book Reading”]. Pamyatniki kul’tury. Novye otkrytiia. Ezhegodnik za 1986 g. [Cultural Monuments. New Discoveries. Yearbook for 1986]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1987, pp. 105–114. (In Russian)

4 Bogdanov, A.P. “Kniaginia Ol’ga” [“Princess Olga”]. Voprosy istorii, no. 2, 2005, pp. 57–72. (In Russian)

5 Bogdanov, A.P. Kniaginya Ol’ga. Sviataia voitel’nica [Princess Olga. Holy Warrior]. Moscow, Veche Publ., 2013. 272 p. (In Russian)

6 Bogdanov, A.P. “Kratkii Moskovskii letopisets” [“The Brief Moscow Chronicle”]. Issledovaniia po istochnikovedeniiu istorii SSSR dooktyabr’skogo perioda: ezhegodnik Otdela istochnikovedeniia dooktyabr’skogo perioda Instituta istorii SSSR AN SSSR [Research on the Source Study of the History of the USSR in the Pre-October Period: Yearbook of the Department of Source Study of the Pre-October Period of the Institute of History of the USSR of the USSR Academy of Sciences]. Moscow, Institut istorii AN SSSR Publ., 1991, pp. 140–160. (In Russian)

7 Bogdanov, A.P. “Kto postroil Russkoe gosudarstvo” [“Who Built the Russian State”]. Trudy Instituta rossiiskoi istorii [Proceedings of the Institute of Russian History], issue 6. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2006, pp. 34–64. (In Russian)

8 Bogdanov, A.P. Letopisec i istorik kontsa XVII veka: ocherki istoricheskoi mysli “perekhodnogo vremeni” [Chronicler and Historian of the Late 17th Century: Essays on the Historical Thought of “Transitional Time”]. 2nd ed., add. and rev. Moscow, Berlin, Direkt-Media Publ., 2019. 220 p. (In Russian)

9 Bogdanov, A.P. Letopisnye i publicisticheskie istochniki po politicheskoi istorii Rossii konca XVII veka [Chronicles and Journalistic Sources on the Political History of Russia at the End of the 17th Century: PhD Thesis]. Moscow, Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR Publ., 1983. 388 p. (In Russian)

10 Bogdanov, A.P. “Osvobozhdenie Ukrainy: motivy i cena ‘bratstva’” [“Liberation of Ukraine: Motives and Price of ‘Brotherhood’.”]. Reitar. Voenno-istoricheskii zhurnal, no. 27 (3/2006), pp. 6–29; no. 28 (4/2006), pp. 6–12. (In Russian)

11 Bogdanov, A.P. Ot letopisaniia k issledovaniiu: Russkie istoriki poslednei chetverti XVII veka [From Chronicles to Research: Russian Historians of the Last Quarter of the 17th Century]. 2nd ed., rev. and add. Moscow, Berlin, Direkt-Media Publ., 2020. 642 p. (In Russian)

12 Bogdanov, A.P. “Pochemu ‘Tretii Rim’? Arsenii Suhanov o meste Rossii v mirovom pravoslavii” [“Why ‘Third Rome’? Arseny Sukhanov on the Place of Russia in World Orthodoxy”]. Dialog so vremenem: al’manah intellektual’noi istorii [Dialogue with Time: Almanac of Intellectual History], issue 70. Moscow, Akvilon Publ., 2020, pp. 72–85. (In Russian)

13 Bogdanov, A.P. “Preniia s grekami o vere” 1650 g.: Otnosheniia Russkoi i Grecheskoi cerkvei v XI–XVII vv. [“Debate with the Greeks about Faith” 1650: Relations between the Russian and Greek Churches in the 11th–17th Centuries]. Moscow, Academic project, Direkt-Media Publ., 2020. 563 p. (In Russian)

14 Bogdanov, A.P. “Redakcii Kratkogo Moskovskogo letopistsa” [“Edition of the Short Moscow Chronicle”]. Novogardia. Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal po istorii i istoricheskoi geografii Srednevekovoi Rusi [Novogardia. International Journal on the History and Historical Geography of Medieval Russia], no. 4 (8), 2020, pp. 223–261. (In Russian)

15 Bogdanov, A.P. “Rukopisnaia traditsiia ‘Letopisca vyborom’” [“Handwritten tradition of the ‘Chronicle by Choice’.”]. Istoricheskii zhurnal: nauchnye issledovaniia, no. 5, 2020, pp. 108–122. (In Russian)

16 Bogdanov, A.P. Russkie patriarkhi ot Nikona do Adriana [Russian Patriarchs from Nikon to Adrian]. Moscow, Academic project Publ., 2015. 548 p. (In Russian)

17 Bogdanov, A.P. “Rus’ ot Novgoroda, Novgorod ot Noia: novgorodskii vklad v obshcherusskoe letopisanie XVII v.” [“Russia from Novgorod, Novgorod from Noah: Novgorod Contribution to the General Russian Chronicle of the 17th Century”]. Novogardia. Mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal po istorii i istoricheskoi geografii Srednevekovoi Rusi, no. 2, 2019, pp. 252–279. (In Russian)

18 Bogdanov, A.P. “Teoriia ‘Moskva – tsentr mira’ v derzhavnoi kontseptsii i u kratkih letopistsev XVII veka” [“The Theory ‘Moscow – Center of the World’ in the Sovereign Concept and in Short Chroniclers of the 17th Century”]. Evropeiskie sravnitel’no-istoricheskie issledovaniia [European Comparative Historical Studies], issue 2: Geography and Politics. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2006, pp. 91–111. (In Russian)

19 Bogdanov, A.P. “Ukraina v politike Rossii XVII veka” [“Ukraine in the Politics of Russia of the 17th Century”]. Problemy russkoi istorii [Problems of Russian History], issue VI. Magnitogorsk, Magnitogorsk State University Publ., 2006, pp. 235–269. (In Russian)

20 Bogdanov, A.P. “Ukraina i motivatsiia voin Rossii (1653–1700)” [“Ukraine and Motivation of Russia’s Wars (1653–1700)”]. Istoriia russko-ukrainskikh otnoshenii v XVII–XVIII vekah (K 350-letiyu Pereyaslavskoj Rady). Biulleten’ Nauchnogo soveta RAN “Istoriia mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii i vneshnei politiki Rossii” [History of Russian-Ukrainian Relations in the 17th–18th Centuries (To the 350th Anniversary of the Pereyaslav Rada). Bulletin of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences “History of International Relations and Russian Foreign Policy”], issue 2 (2004–2005). Moscow, IRI RAS Publ., 2006, pp. 51–70. (In Russian)

21 Bogdanov, A.P. Tsar’-reformator Fedor Alekseevich: starshii brat Petra I [Tsar-Reformer Fyodor Alekseevich: Elder Brother of Peter the First]. Moscow, Academic project Publ., 2018. 760 p. (In Russian)

22 Buganov, V.I., Bogdanov, A.P. Buntari i pravdoiskateli v Russkoi pravoslavnoi tserkvi [Rebels and Truth-seekers in the Russian Orthodox Church]. Moscow, Politizdat Publ., 1991. 526 p. (In Russian)

23 Klitina, E.N. “Simon Azar’in. (Novye dannye po maloizuchennym istochnikam)” [“Simon Azaryin. (New Data on Poorly Studied Sources)”]. Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury [Proceedings of the Department of Old Russian Literature], vol. 34. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1979, pp. 298–312. (In Russian)

24 Kloss, B.M. Izbrannye trudy. T. I: Zhitie Sergiia Radonezhskogo: Rukopisnaia traditsiia. Zhizn’ i chudesa. Teksty [Selected Works, vol. I: Life of St. Sergius of Radonezh: Handwritten Tradition. Life and Miracles. Texts]. Moscow, Languages of Slavic culture Publ., 1998. 557 p. (In Russian)

25 Kloss, B.M. “Simon Azar’in: Sochineniia i avtografy” [“Simon Azaryin: Works and Autographs”]. Sergievo-Posadskii muzei-zapovednik. Soobshcheniia 1995 g. [Sergiev Posad Museum-Reserve. Messages 1995]. Moscow, 1995, pp. 49–56. (In Russian)

26 Morozov, B.N. “Letopistsy na stolbcah v chastnykh arhivah XVII veka” [“Chronicles on Columns in Private Archives of the 17th Century”]. Istoriia i paleografiia [History and Paleography]. Moscow, IRI RAS Publ., 1993, pp. 246–257. (In Russian)

27 Nasonov, A.N. Istoriia russkogo letopisaniia XI – nachala XVIII veka: Ocherki i issledovaniia [History of Russian Chronicle Writing of the 11th – Early 18th Century. Essays and Research], ed. B.A. Rybakov. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1969. 556 p. (In Russian)

28 Nasonov, A.N. “Letopisnye pamiatniki khranilishch Moskvy” [“Chronicle Monuments of Moscow Stores”]. Problemy istochnikovedeniia [Problems of Source Studies], issue IV. Moscow, AN SSSR Publ., 1955, pp. 243–285. (In Russian)

29 Oparina, T.A. Ivan Nasedka i polemicheskoe bogoslovie Kievskoi mitropolii [Ivan Nasedka and Polemical Theology of Kiev Metropolitanate]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1998. 429 p. (In Russian)

30 Romanova, A.A. Sviattsy Simona Azar’ina iz sobraniia otdela rukopisei Rossiiskoi gosudarstvennoi biblioteki [Saints of Simon Azaryin from the Collection of the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library]. Bibliotekovedenie [Library science], vol. 65, no. 5. Moscow, Pashkov House Publ., 2016, pp. 539–544. (In Russian)

31 Smirnova, E.I. “Sborniki s avtografami Simona Azar’ina (K probleme atribucii ego sochinenii)” [“Collections with Autographs of Simon Azaryin (On the Problem of Attribution of His Works)”]. Russkaia kniga v dorevoliucionnoi Sibiri. Rukopisnaia i pechatnaia kniga na vostoke strany. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Russian Book in Pre-revolutionary Siberia. Handwritten and Printed Book in the East of the Country. Collection of Scientific Papers]. Novosibirsk, GPNTB Publ., 1992, pp. 134–155. (In Russian)

32 Turilov, A.A., Chernecov, A.V. “Deianiia knyagini Ol’gi v ‘Pskovskom Kronike’ 1689 g.” [“Acts of Princess Olga in the ‘Pskov Kronik’ in 1689”]. Drevniaia Rus’. Voprosy medievistiki, no. 3 (65), 2016, pp. 57–75. (In Russian)

33 Uvarova, N.M. “Redaktsii ‘Zhitiia Dionisiia’: K probleme izucheniia literaturnoi istorii sochinenii Simona Azar’ina” [“Editions of the ‘Life of Dionysius’: On the Problem of Studying the Literary History of Works of Simon Azaryin”]. Literatura Drevnei Rusi. Sbornik trudov Moskovskogo pedagogicheskogo instituta [Literature of Old Rus. Collection of Works of the Moscow Pedagogical Institute], issue І. Moscow, Moscow Pedagogical State Institute Publ., 1975, pp. 71–89. (In Russian)

34 Uvarova, N.M. Simon Azar’in kak pisatel’ serediny XVII veka [Simon Azaryin as a Writer of the Mid-17th Century: PhD Thesis, Summary]. Moscow, 1975. 22 p. (In Russian)

35 Fedukova-Uvarova, N.M. “O sostave biblioteki Simona Azar’ina (K postanovke voprosa)” [“On the Composition of Library of Simon Azaryin (On the Formulation of the Question)”]. Problemy zhanra i stilia v russkoi literature. Sbornik trudov [Problems of Genre and Style in Russian Literature. Collection of Works]. Moscow, Moscow Pedagogical State Institute Publ., 1973, pp. 28–32. (In Russian)

36 Shmidt, S.O. “Miniatiury tsarstvennoi knigi kak istochnik po istorii Moskovskogo vosstaniia 1547 g.” [“Miniatures of the Royal Book as a Source on History of Moscow Uprising of 1547”]. Problemy istochnikovedeniia [Problems of Source Studies], vol. V. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1956, pp. 265–284. (In Russian)

37 Shmidt, S.O. “O Moskovskom vosstanii 1547 g.” [“On the Moscow Uprising of 1547”]. Nosov, N.E., editor. Krest’ianstvo i klassovaia bor’ba v feodal’noi Rossii [Peasantry and Class Struggle in Feudal Russia]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1967, pp. 114–130. (In Russian)

38 Shmidt, S.O. Stanovlenie rossiiskogo samoderzhavstva [Formation of the Russian Autocracy]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1973. 359 p. (In Russian)